Wrinkles Cause, treatment & Prevention

What Cause Wrinkles! Treatments and Prevention

A lot of changes noticed in the skin as you age, wrinkles, age spots and dryness. Your skin also becomes thinner and loses fat, making it less plump and smooth. It might take longer to heal, too. Wrinkles are a natural part of growing older, and they affect everyone. In fact, everyone dislikes the appearance of wrinkles

Whether you’re at the age of 35 and just beginning to see the first signs of aging, or at the age of 55 with skin that isn’t exactly keeping your birthday a secret, looking around to reduce wrinkles is most likely on your checklist.

Where Do Wrinkles Occur?

Wrinkles can appear all over the face, though they are most visible when they appear around the eyes, neck, lips, cheeks and forehead. They usually appear where the movement of the facial muscles is most frequent.

Factors affect the occurrence of wrinkles:

  • sun exposure
  • smoking
  • dehydration
  • some medications
  • environmental and genetic factors

No need to worry! While it’s very natural for your skin to develop wrinkles as you age, you can delay their appearance and also reduces the existing ones with the appropriate care. Let’s find out how.

Several wrinkle treatment options are available to help smooth wrinkles or make them less noticeable.

  1. Medications
  • Topical retinoids. Prescription medicine that contains retinoids, which is derived from vitamin A, may reduce fine wrinkles, splotches and roughness when applied to the skin. Retinoids might cause temporary itching, redness, burning or dryness. Because retinoids can make your skin burn more easily, you’ll need to daily use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30 and wear protective clothing.
  • Non-prescription wrinkle creams. The effectiveness of anti-wrinkle creams depends in part on the active ingredients. Retinol, antioxidants and some peptides may result in slight to modest improvements in wrinkles. With non-prescription wrinkle creams, your results, if any, are limited and usually short-lived because these creams contain less of the active ingredients than do prescription creams.
  1. Surgical procedures and other techniques

A variety of procedures are used to smooth out wrinkles. Some studies indicate that a combination of treatments may yield the most satisfying results. Talk with your doctor about what’s important to you and which approach would best meet your needs and expectations as far as recovery time and results.

  • Soft tissue fillers
    • Transdermic soft tissue fillers: Transdermic Densifying filler which includes hyaluronic acids with different molecular weights, collagens and elastins is the unique anti-wrinkle, volumizing filler for at-home use, a filling treatment to be performed without the injections of the aesthetic medicine. No reported side effects.
    • Injectable soft-tissue fillers: Soft tissue fillers, which include fat, collagen and hyaluronic acid can be injected into wrinkles on your face. They plump and smooth wrinkles and furrows. You may experience temporary swelling, redness and bruising in the treated area.

The effect of most products is temporary.

  • Laser resurfacing. In ablative (wounding) laser resurfacing, a laser beam destroys the outer layer of skin (epidermis) and heats the underlying skin (dermis). This stimulates the growth of new collagen fibers. As the wound heals, smoother, tighter skin forms. Laser resurfacing can’t eliminate excessive or sagging skin. Laser resurfacing may be done as an outpatient procedure, usually with a local anesthetic. You may be fully sedated for extensive resurfacing. It can take several months to fully heal from ablative laser resurfacing. A newer method using fractional lasers has a shorter recovery time. Risks include scarring and lightening or darkening of skin color.
    A technique called non-ablative laser fractional resurfacing has a shorter healing time and fewer risks than does the ablative technique. Non-ablative lasers are better suited to people with moderate wrinkles because results are subtle. This treatment needs to be repeated more often than does ablative treatment. This method also can be done with a fractional laser.
  • Photodynamic rejuvenation. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) can treat fine wrinkles caused by sun exposure. You may need repeat treatments, but recovery for PDT is shorter than it is with laser resurfacing.
  • Chemical peel. Your doctor applies a chemical solution to the skin to remove the top layers. The skin that grows back after a chemical peel is smoother. Depending on the depth of the peel, you may need several treatments before you see a difference in your skin. Redness lasts up to several weeks. Possible side effects include scarring, infection, and lightening or darkening of skin color.
  • Dermabrasion. Dermabrasion sands down the surface layer of skin with a rapidly rotating brush. New skin grows in its place. You may need to undergo the procedure more than once. Possible side effects include temporary redness, scabbing and swelling. It may take several months for pinkness to fade and for you to see results.
  • Microdermabrasion. Similar to dermabrasion, this technique removes only a fine layer of skin. You’ll need a series of treatments over months to produce modest, temporary results. If you have rosacea or tiny red veins on your face, this technique could make the condition worse. You may notice slight redness or stinging sensation in the treated areas.
  • Botulinum toxin type A. When injected in small doses into specific muscles, Botox keeps the muscles from contracting. When the muscles can’t tighten, the skin appears smoother and less wrinkled. Botox works well on frown lines between the eyebrows and across the forehead and on crow’s-feet at the eye corners. It takes one to three days to see results. The effect typically lasts a few months. Repeat injections are needed to maintain results.

Keep in mind that results vary depending on the location and depth of your wrinkles. Nothing stops the aging process of the skin, so you’ll likely need repeated treatments to maintain benefits.